Psa_110:4Old Testament in Greek LXX
(Greek OT) μνείαν ἐποιήσατο τῶν θαυμασίων αὐτοῦ, ἐλεήμων καὶ οἰκτίρμων ὁ κύριος·
(*Greek OT+) μνειαν G3417 N-ASF εποιησατο G4160 V-AMI-3S των G3588 T-GPM θαυμασιων G2297 A-GPM αυτου G846 D-GSM ελεημων G1655 A-NSM και G2532 CONJ οικτιρμων G3629 A-NSM ο G3588 T-NSM κυριος G2962 N-NSMHebrew Old Testament (Tanach)
(Hebrew OT) נשׁבע יהוה ולא ינחם אתה־כהן לעולם על־דברתי מלכי־צדק׃
(*Hebrew OT+) נשׁבע H7650 יהוה H3068 ולא H3808 ינחם H5162 אתה H859 כהן H3548 לעולם H5769 על H5921 דברתי H1700 מלכי צדק׃ H4442King James Version This is the 1769
(KJV) The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek .
(KJV+) The LORD H3068 hath sworn, H7650 and will not H3808 repent, H5162 Thou H859 art a priest H3548 for ever H5769 after H5921 the order H1700 of Melchizedek . H4442
(YLT) Jehovah hath sworn, and doth not repent, 'Thou art a priest to the age, According to the order of Melchizedek .'Latin Vulgate
Jerome's Latin Vulgate This is the 409
(Latin) memoriam fecit mirabilium suorum misericors et miserator DominusPortuguese João Ferreira de Almeida Atualizada Published in 1877
(Portuguese JFAA) O SENHOR jurou e não se arrependerá: Tu és sacerdote para sempre, segundo a ordem de Melquisedeque .
(*Portuguese JFAC) Jurou o SENHOR e não se arrependerá: Tu és um sacerdote eterno, segundo a ordem de Melquisedeque .
(NVI) O Senhor jurou e não se arrependerá: "Tu és sacerdote para sempre, segundo a ordem de Melquisedeque".Spanish Reina-Valera Published in 1909
(Spanish RV) Juró Jehová, y no se arrepentirá: Tú eres sacerdote para siempre según el orden de Melchîsedech .
(*Spanish RV+) Juró H7650 Jehová H3068, y no H3808 se arrepentiráH5162: Tú H859 eres sacerdote H3548 para siempre H5769 según H5921 el orden H1700 de Melchîsedech H4442 .(*
Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge
by Canne, Browne, Blayney, Scott, and others, with introduction by R. A. Torrey. Published in 1834;
Lord: Psa_89:34-36; Heb_5:6, Heb_6:13-18, Heb_7:28
will not: Num_23:19
Thou: Gen_14:18; Zec_6:13; Heb_6:20, Heb_7:1-3, Heb_7:11, Heb_7:17; Rev_1:6
The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges
The priesthood of the king.
Jehovah hath sworn, and will not repent] The king is also priest by an immutable Divine decree. The immutability of this decree is affirmed in the most solemn manner possible. The oath of Him who cannot lie is no stronger than His word; He who knows all things from the beginning cannot repent or change His purpose (Num_23:19; 1Sa_15:29), though mans failure or change may necessitate a temporary interruption of His purpose which appears to finite man in the light of a repentance. But He who is absolutely true and unchanging condescends for mans sake to confirm His word by an oath. Cp. Amo_6:8; Psa_132:11.
Thou art a priest for ever after the order (or, manner) of Melchizedek] Melchizedek, king of Salem, and priest of God Most High (El Elyôn), appears in Gen_14:18 ff. as the representative of a true faith in the primitive world. He was a type of that union of civil and religious life, which must be the ideal of the perfect state. The thought here affirmed is that the new king of Jerusalem must hold a position in no way inferior to that of the ancient king of Salem. As the representative of a kingdom of priests and an holy nation (Exo_19:6) he had a priestly character. As the representative of God to the people and of the people to God he had a mediatorial office. David, when he brought up the Ark into the city of David, laid aside his royal robes and wore the dress of a priest (2Sa_6:14): both he and Solomon exercised priestly functions in offering sacrifice, or at least in directing the sacrifices, if they did not actually offer them (2Sa_6:17-18; 1Ki_8:62 ff.), and in blessing the people (2Sa_6:18; 1Ki_8:14; 1Ki_8:55); Solomon deposed and appointed a high-priest (1Ki_2:27; 1Ki_2:35). Davids sons, in whatever sense the term may have been used, were styled priests (2Sa_8:18). But the priesthood of the king is here implicitly distinguished from the hereditary priesthood of the family of Aaron, as a priesthood after the manner of Melchizedek.
For ever, as applied to an individual, may be a relative term, as in 1Ma_14:41, quoted above, p. 663. Cp. 1Sa_1:22. But the promise of an eternal priesthood corresponds rather to the promise of eternal dominion in 2Sa_7:13; 2Sa_7:10; 2Sa_7:25; 2Sa_7:29. Made to an individual, it is realised in his descendants. Jeremiah speaks of the priestly right of access to God which is to be conferred upon the Messianic prince (Jer_30:21); and the union of civil and religious life was symbolised under the altered circumstances of the return from Babylon by the coronation of Joshua (Zec_6:12-13).
The author of the Epistle to the Hebrews dwells upon this verse in his exposition of the typical significance of the priesthood of Melchizedek, quoting it to illustrate the divine appointment of Christ to his high-priestly office, and the eternal duration and unique character of that office (Heb_5:6; Heb_6:20; Heb_7:17; Heb_7:21).
Jamieson, Fausset and Brown Commentary
A Commentary, Critical and Explanatory, on the Old and New Testaments. Published in 1871;
The perpetuity of the priesthood, here asserted on Gods oath, corresponds with that of the kingly office just explained.
after the order (Heb_7:15) after the similitude of Melchisedek, is fully expounded by Paul, to denote not only perpetuity, appointment of God, and a royal priesthood, but also the absence of priestly descent and succession, and superiority to the Aaronic order.