In the post-exilic period, the ritualistic character of the Sabbath was accentuated to a greater degree than ever and was definitely connected to the seventh day (Exodus 35: 1-2, 31: 15-17, Lev 23: 3, Ex. : 22-26). The tendency was to make the Sabbath a central and saving institution, even in the Mishnah it was given first place among the feasts. Restrictions on their observance became increasingly detailed and casuistic, for example, it was illegal to leave the house on the Sabbath (Exodus 16:29) or to carry burdens (Jer. 17: 19-27); fire could not be made on the Sabbath (Exodus 35: 3); what food was needed for the Sabbath is to be prepared the day before (Exodus 16:23); in fact, all kinds of work were forbidden (Exodus 20:10, Leviticus 23: 3). It was to be a day of complete rest and cessation of all toil and business of every kind (Nehemiah 10:32, 3:15 ff.). In fact, the givers of priestly laws did not cease until they did a capital offense that day (Exodus 35: 2, Num. 15: 32-36). Not only was it a holy day for the Lord (Exodus 16:23; 31:15; 35: 2), but his consecration was a law Yahweh had promulgated in creation (Gen. 2: 2f., Exodus 20:11) . The characteristic of the Sabbath was tied to the concept of the law, so in the Post-Exilic period, the law was placed as the great importance, which can be seen in the relation that Abraham is cited as follower of the law as being divine orders (Gen 26 : 5), showing nowhere that the laws given to Abraham were different from the laws given after Abraham, in fact the concept of the term remember (Exo.20: 8) is in harmony with the existence of the law previously (Gen 26 : 5). Just like a holy day,
While the Sabbath comes from a system of happiness in ceasing a work, linked to the Hebrew origin (Sabbath (שבת) and seven (שבע) and satisfaction (שבע) H7646), in post-exile the Sabbath becomes a burden of rules and details created by Jewish leaders, and who have lost the origin described in the quoted action of God (Gen 2: 1-3). A basic analysis would see that God could not follow the observance determined in the post-exile period, but could be clearly followed by God in the concept of the verse in (Isaiah 58:13) . In fact what can be observed is that the books defined as gospels show a Jesus following the Sabbath as the foundation of creation (Gen 2: 1-3) clearly demarcating the origin of the term(שבת) and seven (שבע) and satisfaction (שבע) H7646), added to the foundation of the prophets (Isa 58:13). Because this original system was different from the system created in the Post-Exile, Jesus was condemned to not comply with the law. That was false, for the law that the leaders created was not the original law, which established that those who were against the law were the leadership, and with that it was necessary to kill the one who showed the error of the Jewish leadership.
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