The first word to be analyzed is :
" ... (zeman) agree (Dan. 2.9, hafel; the qerê reads the verb hitpael). Cf. the Hebrew cognate and denominative verb, which means ââ "make an appointment", AA, "determine", which helps to explain the semantic path by which AA " time" becomes pa, "agree".
... (zeman) time . Probably a linguistic loan from Persian. Used to designate seasons , given times , periods of time "but do not celebrate the" seven times [or years] "of Daniel 4.13 ff., Where the word used is ââ "iddān. The Hebrew equivalent is used only in Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther and Ecclesiastes. "" ( HARRIS , R. Laird, ARCHER , Gleason L. Jr., WALTKE and Bruce K. OLD TESTAMENT International Dictionary of Theology. 1st ed. Society Religious Editions Vida Nova. São Paulo "SP, 1998. pp. 1687-1688.).
In addition to the gradual change (After the official decree, by Emperor Constantine, who established the first day of the week as a holiday throughout the Roman Empire, from the year 321), from the weekly rest day , from Saturday, the seventh day , to the first day of the week (Sunday), there was also the institution of a calendar, known as the Gregorian Calendar. Below we will have some quotes, but before, we will mention the date of the change from Easter Day from Nisan 14 (Abib) to Sunday , which biblically, that day of the week, in relation to the death of the Messiah, is considered the Feast of the First Fruits:
" And the LORD said to Moses, Speak to the children of Israel and say to them :When you enter the land, which I give you, and take your harvest , then you will bring a sauce of the first fruits of your harvest to the priest; he will move the sauce before the LORD, that you may be accepted; on the day immediately after the Sabbath, the priest will move him . On the day you move the sauce, you will offer a lamb without blemish, one year old, as a burnt offering to the Lord. His meal offering will be two tenths of a flour flour, kneaded with oil, for a burnt offering of a pleasing aroma to the LORD, and his libation will be of wine, the fourth part of a hin. You shall not eat bread, nor toasted wheat, nor green ears, until the day when you bring the offering to your God; is a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings "" (Leviticus "23: 9-14 - ARA).
TheFeast of the First Fruits , counting, from the 14th day of Nisan (Abibe), according to the year of the death of the Messiah, it would be the 17th, because He died on the 15th (the day Easter was eaten) and was resurrected in the day 17 (the first day after the weekly Saturday).
Therefore, according to what was mentioned above : "... (zeman) time . Probably a linguistic loan from Persian. Used to designate stations , determined moments , periods of time ...". We find in history, at the Ecumenical Council of Nicaea, the Roman Catholic Church, making its will prevail over the celebration of Easter on Sunday , until today .
As for Easter, it is recorded in History :
" Some schisms caused by problems of discipline and liturgy happened very early in the history of the Church . The controversy surrounding Easter began in the middle of the second century because of the problem of the correct date of its celebration. the Church in the East said that Easter should be celebrated on the 14th of Nisan , the date of Easter accordingthe Jewish calendar, regardless of day of the week it fell. in 162 , the bishop of Rome Aniceto was contrary to the position of Polycarp of Asia, arguing that the date should be the Sunday following the14 from Nisan . When Victor, bishop of Rome, excommunicated the churches of Asia in 190 , in the face of Polycrates' position of Ephesus, Irenaeus challenged his claims to power. The eastern and western portions of the Church only reached an agreement at the Council of Nicaea in 325 , when the view of the Western Church prevailed . "" ( CAIRNS , Earle E. CHRISTIANITY THROUGH THE CENTURIES "A History of the Christian Church. 2nd ed. São Paulo "SP, Sociedade Religiosa Edições Vida Nova, 1998. p. 84.).
The feasts of Easter, unleavened bread, first fruits and Pentecost are called: Spring Feasts.
On Pope Gregory XIII :
" Ugo Boncompagni, born in Bologna, on January 1, 1502 , had significant influence in the → council of Trent, in the expedition of reform decrees . In 1558 he became bishop of Vieste, in 1565 cardinal Pontifical legacy in Spain, he ascended to the papal chair on May 13, 1572. He continued the ecclesiastical renewal and created papal nunciations as a vehicle for the reform of the Church, such as the creation of seminaries for the formation of the clergy, determined by the council. of Trent, encountered great difficulties in Germany, determined Gregory to use the existing schools in Rome to promote priestly vocations .... He also gained prestige with the reform of the Julian calendar. In view of the difference between the calendar year and the astronomical year , he decided that October 15th should immediately follow October 4th, 1582 . Protestant princes joined this reform just 100 years later, and the Orthodox Church adopted it only in the 20th century . It was during his pontificate that in France the → â " Saint Bartholomew's Night ", in which, by order of the king, the Huguenot leaders were murdered. The Pope died on April 10, 1585, after a pontificate rich in work and also in success. "- ( FISCHER , Rudolf" Wollpert. THE POPES. 2nd ed. Petrópolis "RJ, Editora Vozes, 1997. p. 133.).
" Gregório XIII(1502-1585), Italian Pope (1572-1585). He created the Gregorian calendar, a system still in force today . He carried out a great anti-Protestant propaganda . His efforts to restore Catholic supremacy in Europe have paid off in the southern Netherlands, Poland, Austria, Bavaria and other German regions . "- (" Gregory XIII "Encyclopedia ® Microsoft ® Encarta. © 1993-1999 Microsoft Corporation . All rights reserved.).
About the day and week in the Calendar :
" Day and night . In lunar and lunisolar calendars, the day begins with sunset , as it still occurs today in the Hebrew and Muslim calendar. In the solar calendar, the day starts with the rising of the Sun, as in ancient Egypt. In Mesopotamia, for astronomical observations, the day started at midnight , although the usual calendar started at dusk. The Chinese and Romans also adopted midnight for the beginning of the day , use that is followed by the Gregorian calendar, of Roman origin. "" (ENCICLOPÉDIA MIRADOR INTERNACIONAL. Vol. 5. São Paulo "SP, Encyclopedia Britannica do Brasil Publições Ltda. 1979. p. 1924.).
" Day , period of time when a celestial body (in this case, the Earth) rotates around its axis . The solar day, the interval between two successive passes of the Sun by the meridian , has a different duration according to the time of the year, due to the variation in the speed of the Earth in its orbit . The calendar day lasts 24 hours and starts at midnight local time .
Common sense calls the period between dawn and dusk day, to distinguish it from night . This period varies according to latitude and season . "" (Encyclopedia ® Microsoft ® Encarta. © 1993-1999 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved).
" Week , period of seven days in the division of time . See the names of each day". ( Ibidem ).
About the calendar :
" Calendar , time measurement system for the needs of civil life , with the division of time into days , months and years . The divisions are based on the movements of the Earth and the regular appearances of the Sun and the Moon. A day is the average time required for a rotation of the Earth on its axis . The measurement of a year is based on a rotation of the Earth around the Sun and is called a seasonal, tropical or solar year. . A solar year has 365 days, 5 h, 48 min and 45.5 s. The duration of the months is approximately one-twelfth part of a year (28 to 31 days) and is adjusted to fit the 12 months in a solar year. For information on names or order of months, see the entries for each of the 12 months. The week originated in the Judeo-Christian tradition , which recommended resting one day in seven from work . "" ( Ibidem .).
About the Julian Year :
"The Julian year was 11 minutes and 14 seconds longer than the solar year. This difference accumulated until, around 1582 , the spring equinox (see Ecliptic) happened ten days before and the feast of the Church did not occur in the appropriate seasons . for this reason, Pope Gregory XIII issued a decree eliminating 10 days of the calendar . To prevent further displacement, instituted a calendar, known as Gregorian , establishing that centenarians years divisible by 400 should be leap and all other centenary years were supposed to be normal. The Gregorian calendar was slowly being adopted across Europe .Today it is valid in almost the entire western world and in parts of Asia . "" ( Ibidem .).
According to Holy Scripture, the day (24 hours) starts at sunset and ends at the next sunset. But in the Gregorian Calendar it is not so. It starts at zero hours and ends at 24 hours (from midnight to midnight).
We must consider, important for prophecy, both the changes made by Julius Caesar, in the institution of the Julian calendar, and the decree made by Emperor Constantine, which made the first day of the week a holiday in the Roman Empire. Because the two contributed to the fulfillment of the prophecy of Daniel 7:25, during the period of Papal Rome's rule.
About the Julian Calendar, it is registered :
" The original Roman calendar, introduced around the 7th century BC, had 10 months and 304 days in the year, starting in March . Two more months, January and February, were added later, still in the 7th century BC, but as the months were only 29 or 30 days old, it was necessary to alternate an extra month approximately every two years.The days of the month were designated by the uncomfortable method of counting backwards from three dates: calendars, or the first day of each month, the elderly, or mid-month, which fell on the 13th of certain months and on the 15th of others, and the ninth, or the ninth day before the elderly .
In 45 BC, Caio Júlio César decided to use a strictly solar calendar . This calendar, known as Julian, established the normal year, with 365 days, and the leap year, every four years, with 366 days. The Julian calendar also instituted the order of the months and days of the week as it appears in current calendars . "" ( Ibidem .).
About Emperor Constantine, we have the following in the record of History :
"Constantine resolutely freed himself from the obstacles that constituted that outdated hierarchical system. The direct descendant of Claudius II, the Godo, was declared and took as protector of the second and new flavian dynasty the god of the invincible Sun , the Sol Invictus of Aureliano. ... "- ( LISSNER , Ivar. Os Césares - Apogeu e Loucura. 2nd ed. Belo Horizonte - MG, Livraria Itatiaia Limitada, 1964. p. 408.).
" Constantine entrusted Christians with high offices . The effigy of Sol Invictus disappeared from the medals and Sunday was officially recognized as a public holiday..
The establishment of Sunday rest demonstrated the upheaval that took place at that time, the essential, capital transition, in which the Christian God replaced the sun god . Sunday, day of the Sun ( dies solis ) is like a bridge connecting the cult of the Sun with Christianity . It is not ignored that the dies solis was the first day of the week in the Roman calendar . Among Christians, that day was devoted to the meeting of believers. Now, the establishment of dies solis , as a public holiday , took advantage of Christians and worshipers of the sun god , because, until then, the first day of the week was not a holiday.. At about the same time, Christians began to celebrate the birth of the invictus sun . Faithful servant of revealed religion, Constantine fused paganism and its feasts into the Christian mold ". - ( Ibidem. P. 422.).
The historian declares that" the Christian God replaced the sun god ". However, the opposite happened. The Christian God was replaced by the God of the Pagans .
"Constantine was undoubtedly intimately convinced that he owed the victory over Maxentius to the God of Christians. He offered the Pope, for his episcopal residence, the Lateran palace , owned by his wife Fausta . ...Constantine sent also to build the Lateran Basilica , AA, "mother and head of all Christian churches" .
The man who, for the first time in history, associated Christianity with the crown was the forerunner of a new era "." ( Ibidem . Pp. 415-416.).
Elsewhere, another historian records the following :
"Edito de Constantino." The law promulgated by Constantine on March 7, 321 , concerning a day of rest, reads as
follows : ââ " May all the judges, and all the inhabitants from the city, and all merchants and craftsmen rest on the venerable day of the Sun. Nevertheless, assist farmers with full freedom to cultivate the fields, since it often happens that no other day is so suitable for sowing the grain or planting the vineyard; hence the favorable time granted by Heaven should not be allowed to pass. " "Codex Justinianus, lib. 13, titu. 12, par. 2 (3)." - ( WHITE , Ellen G. The Great Controversy. 33rd ed. Tatuí "SP, CPB, 1987. p. 686.).
There is another calendar that is important to analyze, it is the French Revolutionary Calendar :
"The French Revolution instituted, in 1792, a new calendar, which, besides intending to replace the Gregorian one, aspired to become universal, as happened with the metric decimal system. The year started to have 12 months of 30 days, distributed in 3 decades each month These were numbered from 1 to 3, and the days were from 1 to 10 in the respective decade, receiving the names of primidi, duodi, tridi, quartidi, quintide, sextidi, septidi, octidi, nonididi, decad Then, decades later, names taken from plants, animals and objects of agriculture were given in. The day was divided into 10 hours of 100 minutes, these, in turn, of 100 seconds. The denominations of the months were inspired in the successive aspects of the seasons in France, to the 360 days, 5 complementaries were added annually and 6 º each four years.
Year I of that revolutionary calendar began at the honeymoon of the true autumnal equinox, according to the Paris meridian (September 22, 1792). The elimination of Catholic religious festivals, the names of saints and above all Sunday, insufficiently compensated by the decad, made the population unwell. The names of the months and decades "those of these, at times, ridiculous" and the choice of the Paris meridian gave the calendar a very French character, hardly compatible with its desired diffusion. Catholics, moreover, considered him anti-religious. From January 1, 1806, in the first Napoleonic empire, the Gregorian calendar was reestablished ... "- (ENCICLOPÉDIA MIRADOR INTERNACIONAL. Vol. 5. São Paulo" SP, Encyclopedia Britannica do Brasil Publições Ltda. 1979. p . 1929.).
In another Encyclopedia, on the beginning and end of the French Revolutionary Calendar, we have the following :
" Calendar of the French Revolution , calendar adopted in France in 1793, during the French Revolution, to replace the Gregorian calendar and commemorate the establishment of the First Republic . It was abolished in August 1805 by Napoleon. " "(" French Revolution Calendar , "Encyclopedia ® Microsoft ® Encarta. © 1993-1999 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.).
On the French Revolution :
" French Revolution , social and political process that took place in France between 1789 and 1799, the main consequences of which were the fall of Louis XVI, the abolition of the monarchy and the proclamation of the Republic, which would put an end to the Old Regime.
The causes determinants of this process were the inability of the dominant classes (nobility, clergy and bourgeoisie) to face the problems of the State, the indecision of the monarchy, the excess of taxes that weighed on the peasants, the impoverishment of the workers, the intellectual agitation stimulated by the Century of Lights and the example of the American War of Independence "" ( Ibidem .).
France, however, does not fulfill all the details of Dan's prophecy. 7:25. And the most important of the details is:
"And the beast I saw was similar to the leopard , and its feet like those of a bear , and its mouth like that of a lion ; and the dragon gave it its power and its throne and great authority "" (Rev. 13: 2 - AVR).
The expression " and its throne " refers to the capital of the Roman Empire, in this case, the " throne " corresponds to " Rome ", not France, whose capital, after the conquests of Clóvis, became PAris.
France, since 508, with rare exceptions, had Paris as its capital .
" King Clovis of the Merovingian dynasty established his court in Paris in 508 , and since then, except for slight interruptions, the city has always remained the country's capital." "(ENCICLOPéDIA BARSA. Vol. 12. 1994 edition. RJ" SP, British Encyclopedia of Brazil Publições Ltda. P. 122.).
Another encyclopedia recorded the following :
"In the last quarter of the 5th century, when the Roman imperial authority in the western part of the Empire diminished, the Salian Franks conquered Gaul. Their king, Clodoveu I, when converting to Christianity in 496, was able to consolidate your dominion over the country. " "(" France ( country ), "Encyclopedia ® Microsoft ® Encarta. © 1993-1999 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.).
"Approximately in 498, Clovis I was baptized Bishop Remigus of Reims. With his conversion to Christianity, Clovis secured for himself the support of the Church and also of his Roman subjects who, for the most part, professed Christianity. Thus, he created conditions for the rise of the Frankish kingdom to the hegemony of power in the Christian West. This miniature entitled Grandes Chroniques de France from the 14th century, belongs to the collection of the Municipal Library, Castres, France. " "( Ibid .).
Therefore, in whatever sense analyzed, Pagan Rome or Papal Rome, both created their own Calendar. However, this one created (reformulating) the Calendar within the period stipulated by the prophecy of Daniel 7:25 . in addition to having made the aforementioned change, she previously also adoptedthe first day of the week of the Julian Calendar, replacing the seventh day, the Sabbath, of Yahweh, which is recorded in Holy Scripture .
In addition to everything that was said, Pope Gregory the Great (I), did the following :
"... Perhaps better than any other, he developed the doctrine according to which the priest, when celebrating the Mass, cooperates with God in the accomplishment of the miracle of repeating and renewing Christ's sacrifice on the cross "- ( BURNS , Edward Mcnall. HISTORY OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION. Vol. 1. 3rd ed. Porto Alegre" RS, Editora Globo, 1975. p. 224.).
Another writer recorded the following :
"... As for the liturgy, it gave the ritual of the mass its valid form until the present." "( FISCHER , Rudolf" Wollpert. OS PAPAS. 2nd ed. Petrópolis "RJ, Editora Vozes, 1997. p. 38.).
About the Catholic Mass, too, the following is recorded :
" Catholic worship is centered on the Mass and the mystery of transubstantiation . The most important symbolic rites are the seven sacraments . Catholic theology teaches that the sacraments have a beneficial spiritual effect on those who they receive them.
in recent times, the Catholic Church in contemporary issues, characterized by maintaining inflexible positions on controversial issues. Since the encyclical Rerum novarum (1891) of Pope Leo XIII, the popes have denounced social injustice and proposing solutions. After the Second Vatican Council, the Church began to encourage Catholics to work with members of other churches. " "(" Roman Apostolic Catholic Church, "Encyclopedia ® Microsoft ® Encarta. © 1993-1999 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.).
The other important word that we will analyze is :
" ... (dāt) decree . Linguistic loan from Persian, also used in the Hebrew of Ezra and Esther." "( HARRIS , R. Laird, ARCHER , Gleason L. Jr., WALTKE and Bruce K. OLD TESTAMENT International Theology Dictionary. 1st ed. Religious Society Editions Vida Nova. São Paulo" SP, 1998. p. 1681. ).
" ... (dāt) decree, Law, edict, prescription.
This linguistic loan from Persian dāta appears 20 times in Esther, once in Esdras (8.36) several times in the Aramaic passages of Esdras and Daniel. it is spelled in the same way in both Hebrew and Aramaic. Since all three of these books deal with Persian kings, the use of this foreign term is easily explained. It overlaps with the use of the Hebrew words tôrâ, mishpāt and chōq. The relationship between â ¢ "decree" and "law" was quite intimate, and "the law of Medes and Persians" could not be revoked (Et 8.8; cf. Dan 6.12 ).
In essence, the law was what the king wanted. His desires quickly became law, as illustrated by the fact that the â the word of the king 'is related to the law on four occasions in the book of Esther (TB, 2.8; 4.3; 8.17; 9.1). ... An edict was issued that deposed Vasti from the status of queen, and this immediately became part of the â " laws of the Persians and the Medes "(1.19). Such edicts were written and then sent across the kingdom for all to know (1.20; 3.14). "
" In Hebrew, outside the book of Esther, the only occurrence of dāt refers to the decrees of Artaxerxes, in which he supported Ezra's efforts to strengthen the exiles who returned to Jerusalem (Ed 8.36; cf. 7.12-24). "" ( Ibidem . pp. 330-331).
In Ezra 8: 36 : "And they delivered the decrees" (dātê) of the king to his satraps and to the governors of Transeufratênia, who gave their support to the people and to the Temple of God "(BJ).
In Dan. 9:25 : "Find out, then, and understand this: Since the enactment of the decree ââ "on the return and reconstruction of Jerusalem" ... ". (BJ).
" ... (dābar) to speak , declare , conserve, order , promise, warn, threaten, sing, etc." "( Ibid . P. 292.).
In addition to these two, we have another word that is widely used in Ezra, with regard to the construction of the temple and the return of the Jews to Jerusalem. For example: (Ezra 5:13, 17 ; 6: 3, 11-12 and 14 "teââ "ēm.) On Ezra it is written : 7: 8-12. And continuing on the decrees we have: (Ezra 7:13 and 21 [12-24], - teââ ,"in).
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Daniel, Revelation, Prophecy, Daniel 7:25