What were these abominations that resulted in such desolation? Since all of this was done "to fulfill the word of the Lord through the mouth of Jeremiah" , then Jeremiah must be able to tell us that substitutions in the service had been made. In Jeremiah 17, the prophet is told to stay at people's doors and prophesy. Under a divine mandate, Jeremiah told the people that if they honored God's seventh-day Sabbath, their city would remain forever, and that this faithful obedience would lead them into such a relationship with Him, that they would be used to convert the surrounding pagan nations. (Jeremiah 17: 19-26). On the other hand, if they did not keep the holy day, God would allow their city to be desolate. "But if you do not listen to me, and therefore do not keep the Sabbath day holy and carry a load, when you enter the doors of Jerusalem on the Sabbath day, then I will light fire at its doors, which will consume the palaces of Jerusalem and will not be extinguished " (Jeremiah 17:27). Unfortunately, the Jews chose to continue to break the Sabbath of God and therefore inaugurated their own destruction and captivity. The abomination that led them to desolation was the breaking of the Sabbath. Thus, we see the importance of 2 Chronicles 36:21 : "to fulfill the word of the Lord spoken by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed its sabbaths; for it rested for all the days of desolation, until the seventy years were fulfilled " . Ezekiel, who lived during the same time, also tells us about the abominations that God's people were practicing in the holy place. In Ezekiel 8 , the prophet was taken by vision to the inner courtyard gate. God proceeded to show his servant the increasing outrages that His people were committing. Weverses 5 and 6 He speaks of an image that made him jealous "Son of man, look to the north". I looked towards the north side, and saw, next to the altar door, the idol that provokes the jealousy of God " . In an escalation of indignation, impure animals had been taken to the house of God, the women wept for Tammuz and the biggest the abomination of all were the 25 men who "had their backs to the temple of the LORD and their faces to the east; they worshiped the sun, facing east " (Ezek. 08:16). God had instructed the Jews to build the temple in a way that would discourage imitating their pagan neighbors in the worship of the sun. The ark of the covenant, the focal point of Jewish worship, was placed at the western end of the tabernacle. Thus, the children of Israel were to turn to the west, with their backs to the rising sun, when they worshiped the true God. However, the entry of paganism among God's people had grown to such proportions that the leading men of Judah were actually turning their backs on the temple of God. This was a significant act of apostasy. Both Ezekiel and Jeremiah list the pagan practices that were incorporated into the worship of God. Breaking the second commandment by worshiping idols, worshiping unclean animals, worshiping Tammuz, the mythological god of pagans, or breaking the holy Sabbath of God to worship the sun on the day devoted to him, all these practices were classified by God as abominations. It was because the Jews persisted in justifying their own course and continued with these pagan customs that God allowed the desolation of their city. Daniel agrees that it was the sins committed by God's people that caused his desolation."O Lord, according to all your righteousness, let your anger and your fury go away from your city of Jerusalem, from your holy mountain,. Because of our sins and because of our father's iniquities.. desolate sanctuary make your face shine open your eyes, and look at our desolation (Daniel 9: 16-18) . it is important to note that the abominations were made by the apostate people of God. This, in turn, resulted in the loss of his divine protection by bringing his judgments and punishments into his desolation. This scenario of the abomination of desolation in Daniel's day, involving the period of the First Jewish Temple, prefigures the two other abominations of desolation prophesied in Daniel. The next one we are going to analyze is the one about the period of the Second Jewish Temple.
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