The term that translates to angel comes from Hebrew
מלאך - mal'âk - mal-awk '- Which directly translated represents representative. So when we have an entity that represents God he is an angel of God, or representative of God.
In the biblical text we have all kinds of beings as representatives of God. So a man can be an angel. But are there different representatives of human beings?
Using the new testament we have:
Mat 22:29 But Jesus answered them, Err, not understanding the Scriptures or the power of God;
Mat 22:30 for in the resurrection they neither marry nor give in marriage; but they will be like the angels in heaven.
What we find in the Old Testament:
2Ki 19:35 And it came to pass that night that the angel of the Lord went out, and smote the Assyrians in the camp of the one hundred and eighty-five thousand of them: and when the Assyrians arose early in the morning, behold, they were all corpses .
1Ch 21:16 And David, looking up, saw the angel of the Lord, who was between earth and heaven, holding a drawn sword over Jerusalem. Then David and the elders, covered in sacks, fell on their faces.
Num 22:31 Then the Lord opened his eyes to Balaam, and he saw the angel of the Lord standing in the way, and his sword drawn in his hand; so he bowed his head and fell on his face.
Gen 3:24 And when he threw away the man, he placed the cherubim on the east side of the garden of Eden, and a flaming sword that went round on all sides, to guard the way of the tree of life.
So in heaven there are angels (representatives) who are different from man.
So we have entities that are not men, and are called angels (representatives).
How to know if the text is talking about an angel (representative) coming from Heaven? If Angel of the Lord is added, this is from Heaven,
Exo_3: 2 And the angel of the Lord appeared to him in a flame of fire out of a bush. Moses looked, and, behold, the bush was burning in the fire, and the bush was not consumed;
Exo_3: 4 And when the Lord saw that he had turned to see, he called him from the middle of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses! He replied: Here I am.
When we have the term angel of the Lord, there is a mixture between YHWH and the representative, so that the representative is treated as YHWH. So that talking to one, or acting with one is like acting or acting with the other. The representation is so strong that the scriptures quote it as if it were the same.
When we find only the term angel (representative), we have to observe. Does the text refer to a spiritual being?
Jdg_13: 20 When the flame of the altar went up to heaven, the angel of the Lord went up with it; seeing that Manoah and his wife fell on their faces.
In the case of the verse we see that the delimited angel does not refer to a human. So it's from Heaven.
Num 22: 5 He sent messengers to Balaam the son of Beor, to Petor, who is by the river, to the land of the sons of his people, to summon him, saying, Behold, a people have come out of Egypt, covering the face of the earth and park in front of me.
In this verse the word messengers is (mal-awk ') angels, so naturally a translated text places an angel when not an entity from Heaven, as a messenger only. In this way it can rarely be determined that a translation for an angel is a human messenger, but it can happen.
In a way when in doubt, finding the term translated angel, such is an entity from Heaven. If one reads from the Hebrew it must be observed whether (mal-awk '), it is talking about a celestial entity, or human.
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angel, representative, messenger, definition