What does Hebrews 7 talk about? Hebrews 7 speaks of the systematic rules of the temple. First in Hebrews 7 he talks about the tithes where the tithes were given.
Tithes were given to Melchizedek, with the descriptive rites in Abram, but in Hebrews 7: 5 he quotes:
Heb 7: 5 And those among the sons of Levi who receive the priesthood are commanded, according to the law, to take the tithes of the people, that is, of their brothers, even though they also came out of the loins of Abraham;
Here we see " among the children of Levi they receive the priesthood they have orders, according to the law, " of what law are Hebrews 7 talking? The law on the priesthood.
We therefore have laws that are separate, this separation can be seen in the text below.
Eph 2:15 that is, the law of the commandments contained in ordinances, to create, in yourself, a new man from both, thus making peace,
What is the law of commandments contained in ordinances? There are 4 types of standards.
2Ki 17:34 Until today they do according to the old customs: they do not fear the Lord; neither do they according to their statutes, nor according to their ordinances; neither according to the law nor according to the commandment that the Lord commanded the children of Jacob, whom he named Israel,
Then we have " according to its statutes, nor according to its ordinances; neither according to the law, nor according to the commandment ". So what are ordinances? We can see it like this:
Exo_12: 43 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, This is the Passover ordinance; none, a foreigner will eat it;
So Easter is an ordinance.
Lev_5: 10 And on the other hand he will make a burnt offering according to the ordinance; so the priest will make atonement for him for the sin he has committed, and he will be forgiven.
The holocaust is an ordinance.
Ordinances are the rules of the rites for actions relating to the sanctuary. And it must be related to the sanctuary and the regiments to the priests.
We can start reading now Hebrews 7:11
Heb 7:11 So that if perfection were by the Levitical priesthood (for under this the people received the law), what need was there for another priest to rise, according to the order of Melchizedek, and not to be counted according to Aaron's order?
We are talking about priestly ordinances, and relating to the oldest priestly account, the order of Melchizedek, which is prior to the order of Aaron. Showing that the order of Melchizedek is earlier than the Levitical priesthood. Generating importance to the Melchizedek priest.
Heb 7:12 For when the priesthood is changed, the law must also be changed.
What law are we talking about? The ordinance law that governs the priestly system, now we are talking about the priesthood. So the foundation is the priesthood, and priestly laws. Changing the priesthood changes the law of the priesthood.
Now the Law of God is not connected to the priest, and the priest who is connected to the law of God. For example, the law of Love is not a priestly law, it does not organize the priesthoods, leaving or entering a priest or priestly orders, the law of love does not change because it does not have a regiment with the priesthood.
Heb 7:13 For he, of whom these things are said, belongs to another tribe, of which no one has yet served at the altar,
In the laws governing the ordinance we find the connection with tribes, in this case the tribe of Levi, it is not determined which would define the tribe of Melchizedek or if it would have to do with this tribe. But it defines that there is someone who belongs to a tribe that no one served at the altar. In this case Hebrews is talking about Jesus, according to a new law of priestly ordinances. For Jesus is not of the tribe of Levi, therefore the law of ordinances requires Levites to serve at the altar, but Jesus is not of the tribe of Levi, so for Jesus to serve as a priest, he must change the Law that exists in ordinances.
Heb 7:14 since it is manifest that our Lord came from Judah, a tribe of which Moses said nothing about priests.
Again we have the explanation that Jesus is from the tribe of Judah, which is not demarcated in the Law of ordinances, so what law has to change? The law of ordinances, or the law that manages the priestly order, so that Jesus of the tribe of Judah can become a priest.
Heb 7:15 And even more manifest is this, if in the likeness of Melchizedek another priest rises,
Here in verse 15 determines that the manifestation of Christ takes place in the likeness of Melchizedek, who is a priest without sending a carnal message, exists as his natural existence, what is the natural existence of Melchizedek?
Heb 7: 3 without a father, without a mother, without genealogy, having no beginning of days or end of life, but made like the Son of God), he remains a priest forever.
See that the text determines that " remains a priest forever ", the question is that the priesthood has not changed, it exists and has not been changed, but the earthly priesthood and the earthly organization that is a symbol and is not the real one has been canceled. Thus the Mesquizedek priesthood " remains a priest forever ", " having no beginning of days or end of life ".
Heb 7:16 which was not done according to the law of a carnal commandment, but according to the power of an indissoluble life.
What is carnal commandment? The word carnal comes from the Greek σαρκικός - sarkikos, which involves the temporal connection, or passenger. The ordinance law sent to Moses to generate the order of Aaron, could not annul the order of Melchizedek who " remains a priest forever ", the priestly ordinance was linked to the temporal, or earthly, factor.
It compares to an indissoluble life, what does the term indissoluble mean? The term comes from the Greek ακατάλυτος - akatalutos, which determines permanent or endless, in the same way that Melchizedek " remains a priest forever ". In the verse Hebres 7:16 we have that the order of this priest is similar to that of Melchizedek, so that the ordinance in ordinances is the same as that of Melchizedek, so that the ordinance law managed for the tribe of Levi was now being annulled .
Heb 7:17 For this is the testimony of him: You are a priest forever, according to the order of Melchizedek.
So now we see in 17 that this priest does not come from the tribe of Levi according to the order of Aaron, but according to a tribe that is of the order of Melchizedek, and who participates in the same priestly foundation " You are a priest forever ", thus generating permanence of the Melchizedek ordinance law and not the ordinance law for the tribe of Levi.
Heb 7:18 For, indeed, the previous commandment is abrogated because of its weakness and uselessness
Now if the order of Melchizedek is " remains a priest forever ", so that even though there is the tribe of Levi, the one who actually applies the ordinance is in fact Mequizedek, the ordinance for the tribe of Levi is useless, it serves only as an example. The term weakness is the Greek ασθενής -asthenēs, which means it has no strength, that is to say it is useless in relation to the real priestly order.
Heb 7:19 (for the law has not perfected anything), and from this luck a better hope is introduced, by which we draw near to God.
For the ordinance, that is, the law composed of ordinances relating to the Levitical ordinance, has not perfected anything, the word perfected is the Greek τελειόω - teleioō which defines consummate, together with the Greek ουδείς - oudeis, which defines the term " nothing ", or be " do not consume anything ". He is saying that the entire sanctuary ritual of the order of Aaron never consumed anything, that is, he never really blotted out sins, or cleared away sin. Since the royal priesthood of the order of Melchizedek that " remains a priest forever ", this one that really manages sin and all things pertinent to God's law of ordinances.
Heb 7:20 And seen as it was not without taking an oath (because, in truth, those without an oath were made priests, Heb 7:21 but this with an oath from him who said to him, The Lord has sworn, and will not repent: Thou you are a priest forever),
In verse 20 we have that priests are not bound by an oath but are made priests nonetheless. The priest of the order of Melchizedek is placed with an oath and determines " The Lord has sworn, and he will not repent: You are a priest forever ".
What we see is that the whole process of Hebrews 7, is related to the laws that govern the sanctuary, and the application of the laws to priests, defining that a priestly order does not have the same ordinance law as another priestly order. And he further analyzes that the ordinance of the Levitical priest does nothing in fact, and that the ordinances of the order of Melquizede are really there always.
It must be made very clear that the text 7 of the Hebrews speaks only of the law that governs priestly orders and relations, and how the Messiah enters this priestly order.
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Hebrews 7, Melchizedek, ordinances, rituals, Passover