It is interesting to note that the Mosaic laws, or those written by Moses, are often based on concepts from the code of Hammurabi.
The code of hammurabi was a code of Babylonian justice, widespread in the Middle East, and the basis for all cultures in that region.
As was common to the Hebrews of the time, we can see that this law was well accepted among the Hebrews, in fact what we have is that parts and alterations of Hammurabi's code were placed in the laws of Moses.
The most prevalent is the concept of "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth". In fact this law is in its direct sense a flaw, since crimes of adultery, for example, in the ancient Hebrew system were condemned by stoning.
Now adultery for an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, would also be adultery against the adulterer, which in the end would turn into a certain orgy.
So we see that an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, is not a really logical factor for a law. In this case we can observe that even laws idealized as clear are not in fact.
They are usually organized and managed by individual and collective positions in the eyes of individuals.
But in the case we can see, for example, that King David committed adultery with Uriah's wife, indirectly David murdered Uriah, and so according to the law he should die.
The point is that David was not killed. Why this change?
There is a very interesting text in which Jesus says the following. In John 10, 34 and 35 he says that the law of God determines that they were Gods.
The first question of the verse is are gods false gods or real gods? First, God cannot lie, and second, Jesus said the law cannot be changed.
So Jesus was saying that they were indeed God, for the law could not be changed. But who was the class defined by Jesus as God?
They were anointed by God as his representatives. So the law of God determined that God's representatives were God. Just as God cannot be seen, as the scriptures say, he presents himself through his anointed as God.
Thus we have that David was anointed, and thus stood as God's representative. We can see for example that Saul was also anointed by God, he was not killed by David, even though he did terrible things against God's law. And David's answer was to fear lifting up his hand against one of the Lord's anointed, we see this in 2 Samuel, 1, 14.
So the Lord's anointed, who by the law as Jesus said are God, have a different way of being treated by the law. A clear concept in the nomenclature of God is that there is the Most High God. This term defines that the supreme God can make decisions about those he declares to be anointed.
In that case, God directly acts on his anointed ones, setting specific norms about them, and against them. Thus the anointed of God, when they erred, were placed in a position of humiliation so that the people, who according to the law had to place them as God, would see their allegiance to the Most High God. And that their errors were not justified by the Most High God.
The Mosaic law is a standard statute, linked to Hammurabi's concepts, such as "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth", and was developed to organize a people in the social system of the time, at the limit possible to them of the celestial system.
It is important to note that various actions of the law are at different times determined momentarily by God's anointed.
A clear example of this is that the anointing of an anointed one could be done by another anointed one, but there were no Mosaic rules about who can anoint, or the limits of the anointing.
We also have that the anointed had many permissions that others could not have. In fact, the anointed who were gods stipulated by the law, and should be treated as such, could change concepts of the law in specific situations, defining that they were following the will of the Most High God.
So the norms for the anointed came directly from the Most High God, for no other human being was in a superior position to judge an anointed, except the Most High God.
So the sins of David, Saul, Solomon who became idolatrous, and idolatry was a crime of stoning, and others could only be judged by the Most High God, because of their anointings.
Jesus, while walking on earth, defined that the rule of Hammurabi, "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" should be extinguished. This is because there were no longer royal anointed organizing the laws.
And Jesus brings the concept of the gospel, gospel means the good news, and this good news was pertinent to salvation and forgiveness.
There is something interesting about the concepts of God-given laws. For example, the law defining Kings, such laws are not a directly divine action, but a human choice over the divine will.
The leaders of Israel, wanting to be like other peoples, demanded of God, that he put a king. God did, but such was the divine decision in the sense of the eternal law?
No, for the only being that could be in the position of King is God. So there is a human King, could never be considered an eternal law, defined as an immutable God. This law was given because of the hardness of heart of such leaders.
God himself, defined that terrible things would happen because of such leaders demanding of God, a king.
So the immutable laws of God are not the laws defined by the acceptance of men's hardness of heart. Since Jesus himself defined the annulment of a foundation of the Mosaic law which was "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth".
Now an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, could never be classified as the heavenly eternal laws, so they are laws instituted by hardness of heart, as was the law of inclusion of Kings.
But as long as those laws lasted, they were obeyed, and their condemning positions accepted, as they were written. Only God's anointed were above these laws, as they were directly linked to the judgment of the Most High God.
So the Mosaic laws did not control the decisions given by the Most High God, who was sovereign over all and above all the laws written by Moses.
In this way there is an eternal law, and this is the most high God himself, so all other laws are subjugated by the order of God, and only God can define specific positions that are not in the written law.
In fact one of the most basic rules of the law is the wages of sin is death. That was the law, and so God manages another class, which defines the free gift of eternal life.
Thus God is the sole sovereign over the rules, for he has knowledge of the past, present and future and of all the considerations of the times, and thus his judgment is just.
Therefore, man does not have the ability to judge correctly, and in that case it is necessary to be anointed by God for God to give him the correct judgment.
We must understand that many think they are anointed, and put this law-altering power upon themselves, and Jesus himself said to beware of such people.